Analysis: AKASHAMBATWA MBIKUSITA-LEWANIKA
MULENA Litia Lewanika was the royal head of the regional principality of the Mwandi division of Sesheke from 1897 to 1916, after having served as the first royal head of the Regional Principality of Kazungula from 1894.
Mulena was installed as Litunga Yeta III of Barotseland in 1916. He is son of Litunga Lewanika the First, whose personal name is Lubosi, who ruled from 1878 to 1916.
During the last 140 years of the indigenous African Kingdom of Barotseland, the succession of the royal dynasty of kings has been as follows:
1. Lewanika I, whose personal name is Lubosi -1878 – 1916
2. Yeta III, whose personal name is Litia, son of Lewanika I – 1916 – 1945
3. Imwiko I, whose personal name is Mwanang’ono, son of Lewanika I – 1945 – 1948
4. Mwanawina III, son of Lewanika I – 1948 – 1968
5. Lewanika II, whose personal name is Mbikusita, son of Lewanika I – 1968 – 1977
6. Yeta IV, whose personal name is Ilute, son of Yeta III – 1977 – 2000
7. Imwiko II, whose personal name is Imasiku Mwanang’ono, son of Lewanika I – 2000 – to date
Mulena Imwiko I, was the royal head of the regional principality of the Mwandi division of Sesheke from 1916 to 1945, before being installed as the Litunga of Barotseland in 1945. He is son of Litunga Lewanika the First, whose personal name is Lubosi and ruled from 1878 to 1916.
Mulena Lubinda Wamung’ungo was the head of the regional principality of Sesheke from 1945 To 1970s, having earlier served as Natamoyo in the Government of Barotseland. He is son of Mwana-Mulena Wamung’ungo, the younger brother of Litunga Lewanika the First, whose personal name is Lubosi and ruled from 1878 to 1916.
Mulena Mukwae Nakatindi was the royal head of the regional principality of Sesheke from 1965 to the 1970s. She was a daughter of Litunga Yeta III (1916-1945), the son of Lewanika, whose personal name was Litia, Mulena Mwendaweli Lewanika was the royal head of the regional principality of Sesheke from early 1970s to late 1970s, after having served as the third royal head of the regional principality of Mankoya from 1958 to the 1970s. He is son of Litunga Lewanika the First, whose personal name is Lubosi, who ruled from 1878 to 1916
Before being crowned King of Barotseland in 1977, Litunga Yeta IV, whose personal name is Ilute, was earlier, in the 1970s, installed as the 9th head of Sesheke Regional Principality.
His Royal Highness Mulena Inyambo Ilute Yeta has been head of the Regional Principality of Sesheke from 1977 to date. He is a son of Litunga Yeta IV of Barotseland, whose personal name is Ilute Yeta Lewanika, who ruled from 1977 to 2000.
Mulena is a grandsons of Litunga Yeta III of Barotseland, whose personal name is Litia Lewanika, who ruled from 1916 to 1945, and is a great grandson of Litunga Lewanika the First, who ruled from 1878 to 1916.
He was educated in Zambia and Swaziland before being summoned for installation as the Regional Principality of Sesheke at the age of 23. In an exemplary demonstration of commitment to continuous education, even while serving as traditional leader, he undertook further studies and successfully obtained a Law degree from Edinburgh University in Scotland.
In traditional affairs, he has served as a member and Chairperson of the House of Chiefs, while in political governance, he served as a Member of Parliament (MP) and Minister of State for Home Affairs as well as Vice President of the United National Independence Party (UNIP).
In civic and development service, he has been a member of the Zambia Wildlife Authority (ZAWA) board of directors, Peace Parks Foundation and Constitution Review Commission (CRC) as well as Chairperson of Livestock Development Trust and Chairperson of the Technical Committee of the Lands Tribunal.
On the ground and in the local communities of the Sesheke Principality, the Royal Court of Mwandi under the traditional and modernising leadership if His Royal Highness Mulena Inyambo Ilute Yeta, there has been diverse social, economic and institutional transformation, including:
1. Transformation of Mwandi Mission Hospital from a rural health post to a fully-fledged hospital with facilities (1986);
2. Electrification of Mwandi Royal Village which accelerated the social economic activities including the surrounding communities (1988);
3. Establishments of Ilute Yeta High School and expansion of Mwandi school infrastructure;
4. Exemplary incorporation of female and youthful Indunas in the Royal Court;
5. Undertaking innovative measures to allow the regeneration of river reeds used annually and facilitating the breeding of flora and fauna species some of which are endemic only to Sesheke for the preservation of the ecosystem;
6. Establishment of Simalaha Community Conservancy in cooperation with Sekute Royal Court, which has more than 1200 animals of six species, with the Sesheke Principality being declared a conservation area.
7. The strategic declaration has culminated into the development and implementation of conservation farming which has increased yields.
8. In order to save the depletion of fish stock and damage of the Zambezi river ecosystem, HRH Senior Chief Inyambo has steadily embarked on aquaculture both at commercial and household levels.
Furthermore, and looking forward, under His Royal Highness Mulena Inyambo Ilute Yeta’s leadership, the Sesheke Regional Royal Principality has developed a five year strategic plan for coordinated development.
The plan takes into account and focuses on land, forestry and natural resources, agricultural crops, livestock and fisheries and its historic and geographic strategic position in the neighbourhood of Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola.
The author is a member of the royal establishment of the Barotse Royal Establishment.